Avtorske pravice (angl. “copyright”) so v digitalni dobi pogosto ogrožene. British Library (BL) je nedavno objavila knjižico “Driving UK Research. Is copyright a help or a hindrance?” v kateri skupina raziskovalcev iz najrazličnejših področij v kratkih esejih obravnava britansko prakso zaščite avtorskih pravic in njen vpliv na raziskovalno in izobraževalno delo. Eseji so dovolj kratki, da ne utrujajo, predstavljajo pa bistvene značilnosti in tudi razlike britanske prakse do nekaterih drugih pravnih ureditev tega področja, npr. do ameriške, ki je v marsikateri rešitvi liberalnejša in zato prijaznejša npr. do izobraževanja.
ponedeljek, julij 26, 2010
četrtek, julij 22, 2010
Danes sem žalosten. Odšel je moj učitelj in, drznem si to izreči, kasneje prijatelj prof. dr. Jože Spanring. Ko učitelj prenaša znanje učencem na način, ko jim ne posreduje zgolj vsakokratne vsebine, ampak jih opremi z veščinami njegovega dograjevanja in poglabljanja, potem je storil največ, kar je mogoče. Ko si danes ob novem znanju, ki ga pridobivam, prikličem spomin na učitelja, o tem kako me je znal navdušiti za novosti in prav tako opozoriti na kritičnost do sporočenega, potem vem, da sem srečal Učitelja. In tako sem doživljal Jožeta, ko me je ob različnih priložnosti, najprej še pri formalnem pouku, kasneje pa ob številnih klepetih o najinem skupnem interesu, navduševal za informatiko. Imel je veliko znanja in znanj, sam sem bil deležen njegovih bogatih vedenj in idej predvsem o tem kako pomembna je informacija in kako izzivalen je dostop do nje. Jože, hvala.
ponedeljek, julij 19, 2010
torek, julij 13, 2010
Dr. Mojca Kotar iz NTF UL je znova pripravila šopek novic iz sveta Odprtega dostopa; drznem si na elektronsko pošto poslan zapis objaviti na blogu, ker se mi zdi škoda, da bi ostal nedostopen širšemu krogu zaveznikov odprtega dostopa:
Open Access Policies in Europe
Interim Consensus Submission to Canada’s Digital Economy Strategy
Broad consensus statement from meeting at University of Toronto, includes Section 4.1 Open Access to Scholarly Research, which calls for Canadian federal funding agencies to develop OA policies similar to that of CIHR.
Open access at the University of Kansas: Toward a campus initiative
On April 30, 2009, the KU faculty senate passed a faculty-initiated university-wide open access policy for deposit of scholarly peer-reviewed journal articles in the university’s repository KU ScholarWorks. In doing so, KU became the first public university to pass an institutional mandate for open access deposit. The initial policy was crafted to allow a subsequent planning period for policy implementation with a period of vetting and review by campus faculty. Faculty conversation over a nine-month period culminated in a revised policy and implementation strategy, which passed faculty senate on February 11, 2010.
Three key elements ultimately contributed to the success of KU faculty in passing and revising the open access policy: significant institutional support for open access scholarship built over more than a decade; leadership by faculty and for faculty in developing a policy and accompanying implementation strategy; and deep engagement of faculty across disciplines in educated discussion and debate about the implications of open access scholarship over time. These factors were vital to the passage of our open access policy, and they continue to be important as we move beyond policy development and past the initial stages of implementation.
The return on peer review
Martin Weller calculated that researchers donate Ł210 million/year in time devoted to performing peer review. (He later updated this to Ł1.9 billion/year to reflect the results of a 2008 report by the Research Information Network.) He concluded that in exchange for this donated labor, researchers should demand OA. Consequently he pledged to perform peer review only for OA journals.
Use and relevance of web 2.0 for researchers
The study also explores whether and how web 2.0 tools are changing researchers’ behaviour in signiﬁcant ways, and what implications this might have for researchers, institutions, librarians, information professionals and funders.
Science 2.0 (change will happen …)
First Monday, Volume 15, Number 7 - 5 July 2010
Abstract: In this paper we outline some of the main trends and changes we consider will affect science over the next 20 years, mainly driven by a new socio–technological paradigm, which results from the use of information and communication technologies. We first analyze three main trends (growth of scientific authorship; growth in scientific publishing; growth in data availability and processing) which are already visible now but will grow exponentially in the coming decades and will thus affect the dynamics of science.
We then frame the above changes in the context of the transformation of the scientific production and publication conditions — seen as production process of a cultural good — which then feedback into the nature of science itself. Finally, we will take together these interrelated growth trends of authors, publications and data and pinpoint their profound and multiple impacts on the very nature of scientific work and its professional dynamics, in terms of increased openness, instability and inequality.
Scientometrics 2.0: Toward new metrics of scholarly impact on the social Web
First Monday, Volume 15, Number 7 - 5 July 2010
Abstract: The growing flood of scholarly literature is exposing the weaknesses of current, citation–based methods of evaluating and filtering articles. A novel and promising approach is to examine the use and citation of articles in a new forum: Web 2.0 services like social bookmarking and microblogging. Metrics based on this data could build a “Scientometics 2.0,” supporting richer and more timely pictures of articles’ impact. This paper develops the most comprehensive list of these services to date, assessing the potential value and availability of data from each. We also suggest the next steps toward building and validating metrics drawn from the social Web.
New advice for universities in light of the Climate Change Emails Review
"This project looks at the extent of adoption of different web 2.0 tools in different subject ﬁelds and disciplines, and the different types of researchers who are using them....We sought evidence on whether web 2.0 tools are:  making data easier to share, verify and re-use, or otherwise facilitating more open scientiﬁc practices,  changing discovery techniques or enhancing the accessibility of research information,  changing researchers publication and dissemination behaviour, (for example, due to the ease of publishing work-in-progress and grey literature), and  changing practices around communicating research ﬁndings (for example through opportunities for iterative processes of feedback, pre-publishing, or post-publication peer review)...."
SPARC Europe Award to Honour Leaders in Field of Scholarly Communications
The 2010 SPARC-Europe Award for Outstanding Achievements in Scholarly Communications goes to CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, for its comprehensive approach to Open Access, especially in respect of the SCOAP3 project.
Report and Recommendations from the Scholarly Publishing Roundtable
Learned Publishing 23 (3), 264 (2010)
Three viewpoints: publishing, academia, a library perspective
Report on the implementation of open content licenses in developing and transition countries
PODROBNEJE V E-POŠTI SPODAJ
SPARC Open Access Newsletter July 2010 issue
California against Nature
When journal publishers raise subscription prices faster than inflation and faster than library budgets, for decades, what do they think will happen?
(According to the ARL's well-known chart, average journal prices have risen about four times faster than inflation since the mid-1980's. In June, Mark Bauerlein and four co-authors reported that "[f]rom 1978 to 2001, libraries at the University of California at Los Angeles...saw their subscription costs alone climb by 1,300 percent.")
The drama is playing out between the University of California (UC) and the Nature Publishing Group (NPG).
The University of California is one of the largest universities in the world. It has 191,000+ students and 13,300+ faculty on 10 campuses. Its libraries have more than 34 million volumes.
At the same time, NPG's unparalleled prestige and impact give it enormous bargaining power when negotiating with universities.
Canadian University Hopes to Lead Fight Against High Subscription Prices
The Chronicle of Higher Education, July 4, 2010
On June 15, the university librarian, Mark Leggott, released a campus letter to let the faculty know the institution would not be renewing its subscription to the Web of Science database. Mr. Leggott's letter cited several reasons for the decision: "a challenging fiscal climate," a required three-year contract with price increases every year, a weaker Canadian dollar that would make those increases even harder to bear.
But here are the real fighting words: "Any subscription increase in these challenging times is difficult, but an increase of 120 percent is simply not acceptable," Mr. Leggott wrote. "Accommodating this level of increase lends credence to the vendors' business practices, and we felt it important to make a stand against these practices." Tellingly, the letter cites the recent standoff between the University of California system and the Nature Publishing Group over journal prices.
Is it worth establishing institutional repositories? The strategies for open access to Spanish peer-reviewed articles
Learned Publishing, Volume 23, Number 3, July 2010 , pp. 193-203(11)
Abstract: We examine open access to the Spanish scientific literature via investigation of a sample of peer-reviewed articles in seven subject categories. Of the 28,259 papers published in 2000, 26.89% were freely accessible, with the share varying among disciplines. Articles in the social and behavioral sciences were the most widely available for free. This disciplinary divide applies also to the strategies used to offer open access to documents. In clinical medicine, life sciences, arts and humanities and social sciences open access was mainly based on the publishers' side, while subject-based repositories were dominant in physical, chemical and earth sciences and deposit on homepages was the preferred strategy in engineering, computing and technology. Institutional and general repositories seem to play a minor role in providing free access to the Spanish peer-reviewed literature. Papers published in commercial journals are less accessible than those that appear in non-commercial journals, and we found overlaps in almost 20% of papers deposited. The fastest way to gain open access is to deposit in subject-based repositories and the longest delays are related to deposits in homepages and especially to institutional repositories. Open access to Spanish peer-reviewed articles is dominated by the passive mechanism of the “gold route” and the editorial strategy with self-archiving practices in the minority and directed mainly towards subject-based repositories and homepage posting of the papers. The results of this study could serve as a reference point for further study on the evolution of open access in Spain.
ČLANEK DOSTOPEN PROTI PLAČILU
FAO provides free access to statistics treasure
"World's largest database of food, hunger and agricultural information now fully accessible online....FAO is granting free and open access to its central data repository, FAOSTAT, the world's largest and most comprehensive statistical database on food, agriculture, and hunger, the UN agency announced today. Previously, it was possible to download without charge a limited amount of information from FAOSTAT – which contains over one million data points covering 210 countries and territories -- but access to larger batches of statistics required a paid annual subscription...."
Free and easy access to European statistics
Three and a half (3.5) Million Free eBooks at World eBook Fair
SWORD v2.0: Deposit Lifecycle
SWORD is a hugely successful JISC project which has kindled repository interoperability and built a community around the software and the problem space. It explicitly deals only with creating new repository resources by package deposit a simple case which is at the root of its success but also its key limitation. This next version of SWORD will push the standard towards supporting full repository deposit lifecycles by using update, retrieve and delete extensions to the specification. This will enable the repository to be integrated into a broader range of systems in the scholarly environment, by supporting an increased range of behaviours and use cases. http://sword2depositlifecycle.jiscpress.org/
From: firstname.lastname@example.org [mailto:email@example.com] On Behalf Of Iryna Kuchma
Sent: Wednesday, July 07, 2010 11:56 AM
To: eifloa; boai-forum
Subject: [eIFLoa] Report on the implementation of open content licenses in developing and transition countries is released
(This message is being sent to multiple lists; please excuse duplication)
We have produced the Report on the implementation of open content licenses in developing and transition countries. We tried to gather information from a broad spectrum of research institutions in order to get a better understanding of the current state of the implementation of open content licenses. Open content licenses or some explicit statement attached to the article when it is published in an open access journal or deposited in an open access repository help to refer to a specific type of libre open access. These licenses / statements make it clear to the reusers what they are permitted to do with published and deposited articles (including data). An organization’s or journal’s licensing policy (including policy on re-use and redistribution) shall be clearly stated and visible on the web site. We looked at the web sites of 2,041 open access journals and 218 open access repositories from eIFL network countries http://www.eifl.net/cps/sections/country. And this report highlights the best practices in using open content licenses by open access journals and open access repositories in developing and transition countries. The report was produced in the framework of the EIFL-OA advocacy programme supported by Open Society Institute and the Wellcome Trust.
Some general findings of the survey are below and you can download the report here: http://www.eifl.net/cps/sections/services/eifl-oa/docs/report-on-implementation.
Some general findings of the survey:
Using open content licenses by open access journals:
- We identified 337 open access journals that use open content licenses.
- There are two types of Creative Commons licenses, which are used – either the most liberal Creative Commons Attribution license or the most restrictive Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works.
- Most open access journals use Creative Commons Attribution license (321 open access journals in Armenia, Bulgaria, China, Egypt, Macedonia, Nigeria, Poland, Russia and South Africa).
- 16 open access journals in Bulgaria, Estonia and South Africa use Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works.
Using open content licenses by open access repositories:
- We identified 3 open access repositories that use open content licenses: Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike (2 repositories in China and Poland) and Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial (1 repository in South Africa).
- Some repositories in Botswana, Poland and South Africa recommend the depositors to use Creative Commons licenses.
We welcome any feedback you have and would like to add new case studies on using open content licenses by open access journals and open access repositories in developing and transition countries. Please tell us about them!
EIFL Open Access programme manager
Blogerka Vesna mi je poslala povezavo do spletnega orodja za iskanje raziskav Academia.edu. Spletni portal Academia.edu omogoča sodelavcem v akademskem okolju spremljanje aktualnih raziskav na svojem področju tako da:
- sledite vrstnikom:
- njihove najnovejše objavljene članke,
- nastope, ki so jih imeli,
- njihove zapise na blogih.
- Lahko pa oblikujete lastno spletno stran in obveščate vrstnike o lastnem raziskovalnem delu :
- opišete lasten raziskovalni interes, ponudite v branje lastne članke in nastope,
- pridobite statistične podatke o številu obiskov in o prenosih polnih tekstov vaših objav,
- najdete ključne besede s katerimi vas vrstniki iščejo na spletu.
nedelja, julij 04, 2010
Naturam frenare potes, sed vincere numquam.
Značaj lahko obrzdaš, nikoli pa ga ne premagaš.
Natura parendo vincitur.
Naravo obvladamo, tako da se ji podredimo.
Navibus atque quadrigis.
Na ladjah in četverovpregah. Preneseno: “Na morju in na kopnem”.